Armenians settled in Uruguay in the 19th century. Until 1900, there were only 15 Armenians who had migrated there. The Armenian community was developed in the 1920s when large groups of Armenians who had survived the Great Genocide and had taken refuge in the Near Eastern countries moved to Uruguay. The community grew in 1926 with the second immigration of Armenians to Uruguay.
By the decision of Uruguay’s government, the community’s body was officially recognized as the Armenian General Union (Unión General Armeniana) on July 9, 1930 and according to a 1931 community census, there were 4,000 Armenians living in Uruguay.
According to data of 2009, there are nearly 15,000 Armenians living in Uruguay and they are mainly centralized in Montevideo. There are few Armenian families in the city of Piriapolis.
The community has the Uruguay Diocese of the Armenian Holy Apostolic Church (Prelacy is the St. Nerses Shnorhali Church in Montevideo, Prelate is Archbishop Hakob Glnjian) and there are Armenian Catholic and Armenian Evangelical Churches as well.
Among active community organizations are "Nubarian" (AGBU) and "Nersesian" (Church Central Committee) schools, AGBU’s Montevideo Chapter, the local organizations of the ARF (Vramian Club), the Armenian Liberal (Ramkavar) Party and the Social-Democratic (Hunchakyan) Party with their unions and clubs, as well as the Armenian Progressives with their Armenian National Center. Among other organizations are the compatriotic unions, as well as charitable, cultural and youth organizations of Marash, Amanos and Zeytun. There are also Armenian dance groups, choirs and orchestras and the ARF’s "Radio Gomidas" and the independent "Ara" radio program are broadcasted in the country.
Uruguay was the first country which officially recognized the Armenian Genocide in 1965 and declared April 24 as "Day of Remembrance of the Armenian Martyrs".
In 1971, one of the central squares of Montevideo where there is a memorial dedicated to the victims of the Great Genocide was named "Armenia" and in 1972, a seaside avenue was named "Rambla-Armenia". There is also a square named "Armenia" in the seaside city of Piriapolis.
In 2001, Uruguay Armenians helped release a special postcard stamp on the occasion of the 1700th anniversary of the adoption of Christianity as a state religion in Armenia.
In 2005, the Armenian community of Uruguay opened the "Genocide of the Armenian People" Square in the capital of Uruguay within the framework of the 90th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide.
During a plenary session of the Parliament of South American Countries (MERCOSUR) held on November 19, 2007, the delegates representing Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay in the legislative body of that regional organization confirmed the resolution adopted by the Human Rights Committee of the Parliament on recognizing the Armenian Genocide with a majority of the votes.